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新托福考试口语评分标准

2021-04-23 14:15 北雅 97
摘要:你有必要先了解下托福成绩的分数等级。 托福iBT考试中考察的每项技能都有一个分数范围,每个技能有其对应的评分分级。 托福四个单项成绩解析 项目 分值范围 对应语言水平 阅读

你有必要先了解下托福成绩的分数等级。

托福iBT考试中考察的每项技能都有一个分数范围,每个技能有其对应的评分分级。

托福四个单项成绩解析

项目 分值范围 对应语言水平

阅读
0-30 高级(24-30)
中高级(18-23)
中低级(4-17)
预备中级(0-3)
听力 0-30 高级(22-30)
中高级(17-21)
中低级(9-16)
预备中级(0-8)
口语 0-4分转换为0-30分值标准 高级(25-30)
中高级(20-24)
中低级(16-19)
初级(10-15)
预备初级(0-9)
写作 0-5分转换为0-30分值标准 高级(24-30)
中高级(17-23)
中低级(13-16)
初级(7-12)
预备初级(0-6)
总分数 0-120

托福口语的评分标准

托福iBT考试口语部分包含4个测试题,一个独立口语任务(发表个人观点),三个综合口语任务(听材料后归纳总结文章内容),无论是独立口语还是综合口语,评分员都会根据下列要素对回答进行评分:

1 表述能力

语言表达是否清晰。好的回答应该清晰、流畅,发音标准,停顿自然,并且采用自然的语调模式。

No.2 语言运用

考生在表达思想时是否有效地使用了语法和词汇。评分员评估考生是否能够掌握基本的和复杂的语言结构,并恰当地使用词汇。

3 话题展开

考生回答问题的全面性以及陈述观点的连贯性;在综合口语任务中,考生综合与总结信息的能力。

好的回答通常会用到规定的全部或大部分时间,观点之间的联系以及前后观点的衔接清晰易懂。

了解完“口语评分标准”三要素,下面我们具体来看不同分数等级的要求吧。

独立口语的评分标准

Score分值 General Deion总体概述 Delivery表达能力 Language Use语言使用 Topic Development话题展开
4分 The response fulfills the demands of the task, with atmost minor lapses in completeness. It is highly intelligible and exhibitssustained, coherent discourse. A response at this level is characterized by allof the following. Generally well-paced flow (fluid expression). Speechis clear. It may include minor lapses, or minor difficulties with pronunciationor intonation patterns, which do not affect intelligibility. The response demonstrates effective use of grammar andvocabulary. It exhibits a fairly high degree of automat city with good controlof basic and complex structures (as appropriate). Some minor (or systemic)errors are noticeable but do not obscure meaning. Response is sustained and sufficient to the task. Itis generally well developed and coherent; relationships between ideas are clear(or clear progression of ideas).
3分 The response addresses the task appropriately, but mayfall short of being fully developed. It is generally intelligible and coherent,with some fluidity of expression though it exhibits some noticeable lapses inthe expression of ideas. A response at this level is characterized by at leasttwo of the following. Speech is generally clear, with some fluidity ofexpression, though minor difficulties with pronunciation, intonation, or pacingare noticeable and may require listener effort at times (though overallintelligibility is not significantly affected). The responsedemonstrates fairly automatic and effective use of grammar and vocabulary andfairly coherent expression of relevant ideas. Response may exhibit someimprecise or inaccurate use of vocabulary or grammatical structures used. Thismay affect overall fluency, but it does not seriously interfere with thecommunication of the message. Response is mostly coherent and sustained and conveysrelevant ideas information. Overall development is somewhat limited, usuallylacks elaboration or specificity. Relationships between ideas may at times notbe immediately clear.
2分 The response addresses the task, but development of the topic is limited. It contains in telligible speech, although problems with delivery and/or overall coherence occur; meaning may be obscured in places. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following. Speech is basically intelligible, though list enereffort is needed because of unclear articulation, awkward intonation, or choppy rhythm pace; meaning may be obscured in places. The response demonstrates limited range and control of grammar and vocabulary .These limitations often prevent full expression of ideas. For the most part, only basic sentence structures are used successfully and spoken with fluidity. Structures and vocabulary may express mainly simple(short) and/or general propositions, with simple or unclear connections made among them (serial listing, conjunction, juxtaposition). The response is connected to the task, though the number of ideas presented or the development of ideas is limited. Mostly basic ideas are expressed with limited elaboration (details and support). At times relevant substance may be vaguely expressed or repetitious. Connections of ideas may be unclear.
1分 The response is very limited in content and/or coherence or is only minimally connected to the task, or speech is largely unintelligible. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following. Consistent pronunciation, stress, and into nationdifficulties cause considerable listener effort; delivery is choppy,fragmented, or telegraphic; frequent pauses and hesitations. Range and control of grammar and vocabulary severely limit (or prevent) expression of ideas and connections among ideas. Some low level responses may rely heavily on practiced or formulaic expressions. Limited relevant content expressed. The response generally lacks substance beyond expression of very basic ideas. Speaker may be unable to sustain speech to complete task and may rely heavily on repetition of the prompt.
0分 Speaker makes no attempt to respond OR response is unrelated to the topic.

综合口语的评分标准

Score分值 General Deion总体概述 Delivery表达能力 Language Use语言使用 Topic Development话题展开
4分 The response fulfills the demands of the task, with at most minor lapses in completeness. It is highly intelligible and exhibits sustained, coherent discourse. A response at this level is characterized by all of the fllowing: Speech is generally dlear,fluid,and sustained. It may include minor lapses or minor difficulties with pronunciation or intonation. Pace may vary at times as the speaker attempts to recall information. Overall itelligibility remains high. The response demonstrates good control of basic and complex grammatical structures that allow for coherent, efficient (automatic) expression of relevant ideas. Contains generally effective word choice. Though some minor (or systematic) errors or imprecise use may be noticeable,they do not require listener effort (or obscure meaning). The response presents a clear progression of ideas and conveys the relevant information required by the task. It includes appropriate detail, though it may have minor errors or minor omissions.
3分 The response addresses the task appropriately, but may fall short of being fully developed. It is generally intelligible and coherent, with some fluidity of expression, though it exhibits some noticeable lapses in the expression of ideas. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the fllowing: Speech is generally dlear, with some fluidity of expression, but it exhibits minor difficulties with pronunciation, intonation, or pacing and may require some listener effort at times. Overall ielgibilitt remains good, however. The response demonstrates fairly automatic and ffective use of grammar and vocabulary,and fairly coherent expression of relevant ideas. Response may exhibit some imprecise or inaccurate use of vocabulary or grammatical structures or be somewhat limited in the range of structures used. Such limitations do not seriously interfere with the communication of the message. The response is sustained and conveys relevant information required by the task. However,it exhibits some incompleteness,inaccuracy,lack of specificity with respect to content,or choppiness in the progression of ideas.
2分 The response is connected to the task,though it may be missing some relevant information or contain inaccuracies. It contains some itelligible speech,but at times problems with itelligilit and/or overall coherence may obscure meaning. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the fllowing: Speech is clear at times,though it exhibits problems with pronunciation,intonation,or pacing and so may require significant listener effort. Speech may not be sustained at a consistent level throughout Problems with ielgibilityt may obscure meaning in places (but not throughout). The response is limited inthe range and control ofvocabulary and grammardemonstrated (some complexstructures may be used,buttypically contain errors). Thisresults in limited or vagueexpression of relevant ideasand imprecise or inaccurateconnections. Automaticityof expression may only beevident at the phrasal level. The response conveys some relevant information but is clearly incomplete or inaccurate. It is incomplete if it omits key ideas,makes vague reference to key ideas,or demonstrates limited development of important information. An inaccurate response demonstrates misunderstanding of key ideas from the stimulus. Typically,ideas expressed may not be well connected or cohesive so that familiarity with the stimulus is necessary to follow what is being discussed.
1分 The response is very limited in content or coherence or is only minimally connected to the task. Speech may be largely uninelligible. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the fllowing: Consistent pronunciation and intonation problems cause considerable listener effort and frequently obscure meaning. Delivery is choppy,fragmented,or telegraphic. Speech contains frequent pauses and hesitations. Range and control of gram- mar and vocabulary severely limit (or prevent) expression of ideas and connections among ideas. Some very low-level responses may rely on isolated words or short utterances to communicate ideas. The response fails to provide much relevant content. Ideas that are expressed are often inaccurate,limited to vague utterances,or repetitions (including repetition of prompt).
0分 Speaker makes no attempt to respond OR response is unrelated to the topic.

值得一提的是,托福考试在口语部分采用 Speech Rater® 与评分员共评的方式,使得托福考试在全面准确地反映应试者英语能力的同时,杜绝由于面对面和单一评分员所导致的评分偏见,为大家提供100%公平、公正的考试。

口语评分常见问题

Q1. 口语部分的总分如何得出?

每一个口语任务的得分会被相加,并且每个任务的分数都占有相同的权重。这些任务的得分之和会被转换成范围在0到30分之间的分数,这将会是向考生所要求送分的机构报告的口语部分的分数。

Q2. 口语考试中所犯的错误将会如何影响我的得分?

评分者不会把重点放在考生所犯的错误的数量上。他们会根据考生的整体表现进行打分。一个有微小错误或者偶发错误的答案仍然可能得到最高级别的分数。

Q3. 我的口音对我的得分有什么影响?

所有的托福iBT考生都会带有某种程度的口音,除非考生的口音影响到了其回答的可理解性,否则考生的分数不会受此影响。即使是口语最流利的考生,也会出现微小的和/或偶尔的发音错误,而且,再强调一次,只要考生的发音错误不影响回答的可理解性,它们就不会影响考生的得分。

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